Life Long Learning for Lebanon

Portail informatique formation d'ingénieur Liban

Supports, informations et actualités informatique ISSAE Cnam Liban et centres du Cnam Liban

Société et technologie

Fondateur et activiste Free (libre) Open Source Software Lebanese Movement OSLM

dimanche 27 novembre 2016

Microsoft ❤ Linux : un mariage de raison

Pascal Fares

mercredi 28 septembre 2016

Germany to Create World's First Highway Code for Driverless Cars

New Scientist (09/21/16) Sally Adee 

The first legal framework for autonomous vehicles is outlined in a bill recently proposed by German transport minister Alexander Dobrindt, governing how such cars perform in potentially deadly crashes. The proposal specifies that a driverless car always opts for property damage over personal injury, that it never discriminates between humans based on categories such as age or race, and that if a human driver removes their hands from the steering wheel, the car's manufacturer is liable for a crash. Dobrindt says the bill will level the legal playing field for human motorists and autonomous cars. "The change to the road traffic law will permit fully automatic driving," he says. Dobrindt and others also support a rule requiring a driver to be sufficiently alert to assume vehicle control within 10 seconds, but some critics think that amount of time is insufficient. For example, Natasha Merat at the U.K.'s University of Leeds estimates people can require up to 40 seconds to refocus, depending on what they were doing at the time. Merat believes some automakers will wait until vehicles can be fully automated, without any human input, due to the current lack of clarity.

lundi 25 juillet 2016

L'économie sociale ou économie sociale et solidaire (ESS)

L'économie sociale ou économie sociale et solidaire (ESS) est la branche de l'économie regroupant les organisations privées (entreprises coopératives, associations, mutuelles ou fondations) qui cherchent à concilier activité économique et équité sociale. En France, ce secteur représente environ 10 % des emplois salariés, cette part s'accroissant au cours du temps (9,6 % en 2005, 10,5 % en 2013).
Les organisations de l'économie sociale adhèrent à des principes fondateurs, parmi lesquels: recherche d'une utilité collective, non-lucrativité ou lucrativité limitée (bénéfices réinvestis au service du projet collectif), gouvernance démocratique (primauté des personnes sur le capital : « 1 personne = 1 voix », implication des parties prenantes).
Le terme d'« économie sociale » stricto sensu fait référence à l'approche qui délimite historiquement le secteur en fonction du statut juridique des organisations : dans cette approche, l'économie sociale désigne les associations, coopératives, mutuelles,fondations, fonds de dotation, indépendamment de leur objet social ou activités. Plus floue, l'« économie solidaire » peut être considérée comme le résultat d'un mouvement qui s'est affirmé dans les années 1990, se définissant plus par la finalité de l'organisation, parfois ses activités et sa gouvernance, indépendamment de son statut : commerce équitable, insertion par l'activité économique, etc. L'ESS rassemble donc des organisations très diverses et la définition de son périmètre exact fait encore parfois l'objet de débats (ce que, en France, la loi du 31 juillet 2014 relative à « l'économie sociale et solidaire.

mercredi 15 juin 2016

Sites de photos libres de droits

lundi 13 juin 2016

Département informatique (computer Engeneering Lebanon) au Cnam Liban [EN]

Engineering :  The application of scientific and mathematical principles to practical ends such as the design, manufacture,and operation of efficient and economical structures, machines, processes, and systems.

Become a Computer engineer in Lebanon register at Cnam Lebanon

Computer engineering is a discipline that integrates several fields of electrical engineering, network engineering, telecommunication engineering and computer science required to develop computer hardware and software.[ Computer engineers usually have training in electronic engineering (or electrical engineering), software design, and hardware-software integration instead of only software engineering or electronic engineering. Computer engineers are involved in many hardware and software aspects of computing, from the design of individual microcontrollers, microprocessors, personal computers, and supercomputers, to circuit design. This field of engineering not only focuses on how computer systems themselves work, but also how they integrate into the larger picture.
Usual tasks involving computer engineers include writing software and firmware for embedded microcontrollers, designing VLSIchips, designing analog sensors, designing mixed signal circuit boards, and designing operating systems. Computer engineers are also suited for robotics research, which relies heavily on using digital systems to control and monitor electrical systems likemotors, communications, and sensors.
At Cnam Liban, computer engineering students are allowed to choose areas of in-depth study in their junior and senior year, because the full breadth of knowledge used in the design and application of computers is beyond the scope of an undergraduate degree. Other institutions may require engineering students to complete one year of General Engineering before declaring computer engineering as their primary focus

lundi 6 juin 2016

David Dill: Why Online Voting Is a Danger to Democracy

Stanford Report (06/03/16) Ian Chipman 

In an interview, Stanford University professor and Verified Voting Foundation founder David Dill says computer scientists and security experts almost universally agree online voting is a threat to democracy. "Computers are very complicated things and there's no way with any reasonable amount of resources that you can guarantee that the software and hardware are bug-free and that they haven't been maliciously attacked," Dill warns. "The problems are growing in complexity faster than the methods to keep up with them." Dill contends the opportunity for hacking online voting systems is much broader compared to touchscreen voting, in part because neither voters nor election officials would see signs of tampering due to the secret ballot. Dill also notes the ability to rig an election is much harder with current paper-based voting systems, in comparison to touchscreen or online voting. Just as worrying to him are the many people and organizations that would benefit from election fraud, which range from political zealots to organized crime to adversarial nation-states. "If you have an election system where fraud can be committed and...that fraud is undetectable, then you don't really have a reason to trust the outcome of the election," Dill notes. He says Verified Voting is working to raise both the public and lawmakers' awareness of the dangers of online voting so they can make educated decisions.